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356 Geographical Note (O;R)

Field Definition and Scope

This field contains information about the region or country where a person, printer, corporation or place was located or active. It may also be used to record the movement of a person, printer or corporate body from one place to another or may hold any other geographic note on the described entity.

Application of Content Designators


Indicator 1: undefined

Indicator 2: Specifies the type of input:

  • 0 Field has been input or corrected by cataloguer and cannot be overwritten in automated updating processes
  • 1 Field has been input by automated addition; review by cataloguer may be necessary


$2 Source of controlled vocabulary (O;NR) This subfield indicates the source, the controlled vocabulary used in $a has been taken from. Currently the use of the following values is supported for field 356:

iso3166ISO 3166 2-letter country codes
iso3166-2Group of two ISO 3166 2-letter country codes
iso3166-32-letter country codes deleted from the ISO 3166-1 main set
DE-588Codes used in German GND file relating to continents and oceans, 2-letters, beginning with “X”.
nutsNomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques

$8 Language Code (M;NR)
see the description of numerical subfields.

$a Place or Region name or code (M;NR)
This subfields holds the (free) text of the geographic note or a controlled geographic term or code form the code list or list of terms specified in subfield $2

$z Chronological Note (O;NR)
Used in conjunction with $a, to indicate that the information given there applies only to a certain time period.
Preferrred form of entry: yyyy-yyyy or yyyy- or -yyyy

$9 Temporary data (O;NR)
see the description of numerical subfields.

$s Source subfield note (O;R)
Source consulted by cataloguer for the contents of the note

$u URI of term given in subfield $a (O;NR)
If a controlled term is given in subfield $a and a URI exists for this term, this URI should be given here.

$0 Relation of the entity described in the record and the place given in this field (O;NR) The following codes may be used to indicate the role of the geographic entity given in $a in the life/existence of the entity described by the record. From this information an introductory phrase will be generated automatically for display. It is recommended to use this subfield when $a holds a term from a list of controlled vocabulary.

bsdibased in
pobiplace of birth
podeplace of death
geongeographical Note (default)

Input Conventions

In the CERL Thesaurus all place name records should hold an ISO 3166 country code, indicating the country the described place is located in nowadays.

Further, a place name record should hold the name of the country and the respective subordinate administrative units in the main language of the country in question or in English. This shall support the correct identification of the described place.

The first Geographic Note in the record is used for the records' short display in a result set within the new web frontend if no activity note is given.


When creating an RDF description, the following mapping is applied

$agn:countryCodeif indicator 1 holds 7 and $2 holds iso3166
$act:geographicNoteif indicator 1 is blank, the content of the preceeding $8 will be mapped to xml:lang (code translation necessary)

Mapping Example

<rdf:Description rdf:about="http://thesaurus.cerl.org/cnl00016172">
   <ct:geographicNote xml:lang="hr">Francuska</ct:geographicNote>
   <ct:geographicNote xml:lang="en">France, Île-de-France, Paris</ct:geographicNote>


215 #1$aParis$cAT$5AtBPA$cDE$5GYMG$cSE$5SwSKB$cHR$5CiZaNSK
356 #1$8fre$aFrance, Île-de-France, Paris
356 #0$8und$aFR$2iso3166
356 #1$8und$aFR101$2nuts

215 #1$aApatin$cHU$5HUBpOSK
356 #0$8srp$aСрбија, Војводина, Западно-бачки
356 #0$8und$aRS$2iso3166

Internal Representation

{"data": {"geoNote": [{
    "tmp": "Temporary data ($9)",
    "text": "Geographic Note ($a)",
    "authority": "Source of controlled vocabulary ($2)",
    "lang": "Language code ($8)",
    "uri": "URI of controlled term ($u)",
    "intro": "Relation of entity and place (0$)",
    "source": ["source of information ($s)"],
    "start": year ($z),
    "end": year ($z),
    "prc": 1

Change History

  • 17.07.2017: Indicator 1 marked as deprecated. The information given by the indicator value will be inferred from the presence of subfield $2
  • 17.07.2017: Subfield $1 will no longer be supported, once the CT migrates into its new environment
  • 17.07.2017: Subfield $6 will no longer be supported, once the CT migrates into its new environment
  • 17.07.2017: Subfield $9 has been added to the format description.
  • 17.07.2017: Subfield $s has been added to the format description.
  • 17.07.2017: New subfield $u has been added to the format description
  • 17.07.2017: New subfield $0 has been added to the format description
  • 07.08.2017: Added 'geon' and 'ctry' to the list of possible values for $0.
  • 20.06.2018: Removed definition for indicator postion 1 and adjusted examples
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 resources/cerl_thesaurus/editing/format/356.txt · Last modified: 2018/06/20 10:33 by jahnke



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